What is Family Counselling? Types of counselling services, Courts & Acts

What is Family Counselling?

Family counselling is a type of therapy involving the whole family, as the name suggests. The idea behind this is that families with difficulties or someone who has difficulty seeing a counsellor and therapist and trying to solve the problems together. They work on their relationships, try to improve communication and understand what causes problems in the family.

Sometimes families may be affected by certain events or changes –deprivation, divorce, move to a new location or job loss–and may take some time to deal with anything that happens. Sometimes situations that have been going on for a long time can cause problems, such as a lack of communication.

Together, counselling can mean that nobody feels isolated and that people understand how everyone feels. This can make a big difference in their behaviour.


Various Counselling services

Below given are counselling services for the following:

Personal Issues

  • Low self-esteem
  • Depression
  • Worries
  • Fears
  • Abuse
  • Stress
  • Sadness
  • Mental health and wellbeing


Relationship Issues

  • Conflict resolution
  • Communication
  • Sexual difficulties
  • Separation
  • New partners
  • Violence – emotional, psychological, physical and sexual
  • Mental health and wellbeing


Family & Group Counselling

  • Behavioural difficulties
  • School problems
  • Family relationships
  • Access and custody
  • Parenting
  • Mental health and wellbeing

What is Family Counselling

Role of Family Counselling Centres

The concept of family counselling was conceptualized by the Central Social welfare Board (CSWB) in the 1980s when there was a spate of dowry deaths. The Board spearheaded the campaign by setting up Voluntary Action Bureaus, which subsequently took the shape of Family Counselling Centres.

The objective of the Family Counselling Centres is to provide preventive and rehabilitative services to women and families who are victims of atrocities and family mal-adjustments through crisis intervention and systematic counselling.

FCCs at Police Headquarters

Family Counselling Centres are being run in some Police Headquarters premises under the administrative control of the State Social Welfare Boards. These FCCs were established with the objective of providing speedy crisis intervention to those women whose cases were registered in Police Stations. Such FCCs attempt to arrive at out of court settlement of family discord cases.

Thirty-four such FCCs are functioning in Police Headquarters in Assam, Bihar, Chandigarh, Delhi, Goa, Haryana, Karnataka, Kerala,
M.P., Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Orissa, Pondicherry, Punjab, Sikkim, Tamilnadu, Tripura, U.P. and West Bengal.


FCCs in Mahila Jails

Twenty-three FCCs have been set up in Mahila Jails in Bihar, Chandigarh, Delhi, Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Punjab, Tamilnadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.

Pre-marital Counselling Centres

This new initiative is being implemented in Women Development Centres at various colleges in Delhi. They lay special emphasis on pre-marital counselling and deal with other areas of psycho-social crises management for young women.

Centres for Devdasis / Red Light Areas

At present, there are two FCCs working for the welfare of Devdasi and sex workers and their children one each in Mumbai (Maharashtra) and Belgaun (Karnataka). The Centres are set up with the objective of providing preventive services through awareness campaigns on STD, AIDs and other health and legal matters and also rehabilitative measures for children of prostitutes.

The need for the study on Family Counselling Centres

As mentioned elsewhere the FCCs were set up for reuniting the families and helping the clients to resolve their disputes through a process of dialogue. It was over a quarter century ago the FCCs were established and are still being run all across the country today, however, not many types of research had been conducted to know as to how these institutions are contributing in family reintegration and meeting the expectations of
aggrieved parties and settling down their disputes as envisaged in the Scheme.

Precisely with this object in mind, the present study was undertaken on a limited scale covering a total of eleven FCCs located in the Northern States.

What is Family Counselling? Types of counselling services, Courts & Acts

Feeling lonely or alone? this will help.

If you have any problems in your family, you must find a counsellor or therapist who specializes in family counselling. Counselling services can be found everywhere in India. You may need to call or email them to check whether they provide family advice.

Make sure you ask whether the service is free or how much you have to pay for it. Once you are there, the counsellor/therapist will probably ask you why you decided to consult and try to find out what the main purpose of counselling is.

Everyone will have the opportunity to talk, and you can spend some time getting everyone’s perspective on the situation and how each person feels. Sometimes a few sessions are necessary to solve a problem and sometimes people go to individual advice or do both at once. It depends on the situation, and you and your family feel it works.


Is Family Counselling for All?

Family counselling does not apply to every family or situation. Sometimes it can be good to open things with your parents, but there are also people who find it too difficult or who have things to say that they don’t want to hear from their parents or children. Some members of your family may find it helpful, and others may not.

Parents or siblings are sometimes not prepared for family counselling. It may take a while for them to come up with the idea, or individual advice can work better. The first session can be a bit uncomfortable or argumentative, so don’t give up immediately if it seems to have helped. But make sure you all feel comfortable enough with the person you see.

If the counsellor or therapist does anything that makes someone feel uncomfortable in the family, you can talk to them or try a different counsellor.


The Family Courts

Family courts are a specialized type of courts entrusted with the disposal of cases concerning disputes relating to the family. In brief, these courts deal with litigation concerning marriage and divorce, maintenance, guardianship and the property of spouses.

The Family Courts are established under the Family Courts Act, 1984.

The object of family courts (as stated by the legislature) is to promote conciliation and secure speedy settlement of disputes relating to marriage and family affairs. Besides this, the idea underlying the movement for family courts is that ordinary courts with their conservative atmosphere, setting and procedure, cannot appropriately deal with family disputes in the proper spirit. There is also the feeling that all matters concerning a family
should be settled speedily in one court.


Families can be a source of strengthening, support and love, but sometimes family relationships are stressed and family members are overlooked or isolated. Family counselling may be helpful if parents and children are divorced or separated. Families can benefit from therapy if they experience stressful situations that can ruin family relationships, such as financial difficulties, divorce or a loved one’s death.

In addition, depression, substance abuse, chronic disease and food problems or behavioural problems in children and adolescents are effective.


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